By Mauricio de Maio, Berthold Rzany
Written by way of well known specialists, this booklet surveys using botulinum toxin A in aesthetic medication, together with sufferer choice and assessment, in addition to ideas and specifications. The booklet offers hands-on info for universal symptoms, comparable to brow and glabella, lateral forehead carry, crow’s toes and reduce eyelid, bunny strains and marionette strains, nostril and nasolabial folds, cheeks and "gummy smile," higher and reduce lip, and the chin and neck. a piece with assistance and tips makes this publication a useful source for the practising dermatologist, plastic surgeons and all different physicians attracted to the sphere of aesthetic medication.
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Extra resources for Botulinum Toxin in Aesthetic Medicine
Tips and Tricks . . . . . . References . . . . . . . 8 Nasolabial Fold . . . . . . Introduction . . . . . . . Anatomy . . . . . . . Aim of Treatment . . . . . . Patient Selection . . . . . . Technique . . . . . . . Complications . . . . . . Tips and Tricks . . . . . . References . . . . . . . 6 Cheek Lines . . . . . . . Introduction . . . . . . . Anatomy . . . . . . . Aim of Treatment . . . . .
When analyzing the patient to make the right decision about full and partial blocking, it is good to come back and review what happens in the aging process. Let us try to visualize a child or an adolescent. Focus on the upper third: there are no lines; the m. frontalis excursion is limited and the m. corrugator and m. procerus present do not show a very evident contraction. It is more common to see the surprise on their faces than to see the angriness at the glabella level. If we analyze the face, we will notice that the elevators are more important than the depressors in youth.
25. Injection points for brow lift (technique 2). 5 cm above the orbital rim (Figs. 28) - Botox: 3–4 U per point - Dysport: 10–12 U per point Technique 2 • Seven injection points (see Fig. 25) - Botox: mm. corrugatores: 3–5 U per point, m. procerus: 3–5 U, medial m. frontalis fibers : 2–6 U (two points) - Dysport: mm. corrugatores: 10–15 U per point, m. procerus: 10–15 U, medial m. 5 cm above the orbital rim (Figs. 33) Fig. 26. Injection points for brow lift (technique 3). Here the lateral brow is treated with three injection points - Botox: 1 U per point - Dysport: 3 U per point The results may vary from patient to patient and the purpose of eyebrow lifting should always be taken into consideration.
Botulinum Toxin in Aesthetic Medicine by Mauricio de Maio, Berthold Rzany