By Sandra Bamford
Biology Unmoored is a fascinating exam of what it capability to dwell in an international that's not dependent when it comes to organic pondering. Drawing upon 3 years of ethnographic learn within the highlands of Papua New Guinea, Sandra Bamford describes an international within which physiological replica isn't really seemed to floor human kinship or humans' dating to the natural international. Bamford additionally exposes the ways that Western principles approximately relatedness do depend upon a thought of physiological replica. Her cutting edge research features a dialogue of the arrival of assisted reproductive applied sciences (ARTs), the mapping of the human genome, cloning, the commodification of biodiversity, and the manufacture and sale of genetically changed organisms (GMOs).
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Extra resources for Biology Unmoored: Melanesian Reflections on Life and Biotechnology
For some, this is a matter of practicality. Gardens are often situated several hours’ walk from settlements, making it difficult to return to the vil30 c u lt u r a l l a n d s c a p e s Figure 1. A mountain airstrip. In the absence of vehicular roads, one travels through the Kamea region either by foot or by small aircraft. Photo by Sandra Bamford. lage at the end of each day’s work. But more than simple pragmatism is involved. Bush living is a way of life. Indeed, prior to the imposition of colonial rule during the 1960s, it was the only way of life; people lived in solitary homesteads scattered throughout the bush, much to the chagrin of patrol officers, whose task it became to see to their administration.
Here, discrepancies based on age, gender, and one’s familiarity with the expanding cash economy of Papua New Guinea engender important differences in worldview, some of which introduction 15 will be examined in the analysis that follows. Dualisms have been heavily critiqued in recent anthropological writings. Edward Said, in his highly influential work Orientalism (1978), argues that the social sciences have magnified difference in their portrayal of non-Western social realities, and have exaggerated coherence in what are otherwise flexible categories (Bledsoe 2002: 30).
The introduction of “golden rice” in 2000 was the first example of a genetically modified crop that was intended to benefit not just its farmers, but also the consumers who eat it. In this case, the consumers include at least a million children who die each year, and an additional 350,000 who go blind, because of a vitamin A deficiency. By adding two plant genes and one bacterial gene to the crop, this “miracle rice” allows beta carotene to be synthesized in the edible portion of the plant, rather than in its leaves, thereby substantially improving the nutritional value of the crop (Kohl 2001; Nash 2000; Ruggs 2002).
Biology Unmoored: Melanesian Reflections on Life and Biotechnology by Sandra Bamford