By Monda Halpern
Targeting white; Anglo-Protestant farm ladies in southern and southwestern Ontario, Monda Halpern argues that many Ontario farm girls have been certainly feminist, and that this feminism was once extra innovative than their conservative photograph has recommended. In And On That Farm He Had a spouse Halpern demonstrates that Ontario farm ladies adhered to social feminism -- a feminism that eager about values and studies linked to girls and that emphasised the diversities among men and women, selling lady specificity, cohesion, and separatism. those rules have been expert through farm women's overlapping roles as other halves and unpaid farm labourers.
Because males in most cases owned the "family farm", farm women's financial welfare depended principally at the tender negotiation in their interconnected roles. but the ladies Halpern uncovers have been strangely outspoken approximately their devaluation at the farm and approximately patriarchal traditions and associations that mistreated girls often. And On That Farm He Had a spouse exhibits how Ontario farm better halves and daughters sought to enhance their lives, mainly during the domestic economics circulate and Women's Institutes. They devoted themselves to non-public improvement, to raising the character and standing in their paintings, and to public participation in social reform designed to aid others in addition to themselves. All of those efforts have been an expression in their social feminism, which persisted regardless of the dramatic adjustments in rural lifestyles at mid-century.
And On That Farm He Had a spouse will attract students and scholars of Canadian historical past, women's background, and rural stories, in addition to to normal readers attracted to a missed tale of Ontario's earlier.
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Extra info for And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970
While the wi’s reverence for the past is best known through its Tweedsmuir Histories – written and pictorial chronicles of towns in which wi branches thrived – it has also over the years documented, studied, celebrated, and commemorated the lives of farm women. Institute records are a valuable resource for the historical examination of farm women, yet they are also not without their limitations. Because the wi claimed hundreds of local clubs, and existed at both the district and provincial level, it was far from monolithic.
55 Others simply welcomed the opportunity for outdoor work, and freedom from domestic drudgery. One farm woman from Louise in Grey County observed in 1918 that “the farm men are the objects of a great amount of sympathy, and they seem to look for it, but really I don’t think they deserve as much as they get. This spring, on account of scarcity of men, my husband is alone on 300 acres. I tried to help, by harrowing sometimes, and one day rode the three-horse cultivator. ”56 Elizabeth Davis of Tottenham, near Barrie, recalled that she “just love[d] being out on the tractor … you could just be thinking about things and looking around and enjoying nature and the fresh air, and there was a sense of rhythm, just going up and down the fields with the tractor, working.
94 Partly paralyzed, she was prescribed a one-year reprieve of bedrest and quiet. 95 Jean Lozier, in describing her mother’s 1911 wedding at her parent’s farm near Stratford, wrote that “it was said years later that Mother’s father was so ‘put out’ when she got married that he went to bed for a week. fm Page 41 Monday, August 27, 2001 8:37 AM 41 Gender Conflict on the Farm like Beatrice, were cognizant of their economic function and lack of reward. ” in Farm and Dairy, observed that “money is always forthcoming for the payment of hired help, but apparently little for the daughter who does the same work.
And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970 by Monda Halpern