By Alan D Martin; Samuel A Harbison
An advent to Radiation security is an available account of the character of the risks offered by way of ionizing radiation and the tools of security, for these new to the sphere and for the non-specialist.
This publication takes the reader in the course of the basic history to the topic, the technical rules underlying the regulate of radiation risks, the organic results of radiation, and radiation detection and size. those are by means of a attention of extra really expert themes together with radiation defense in medication and within the nuclear strength undefined, radioactive waste administration and radiological emergencies
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Additional resources for An introduction to radiation protection
Neutrons are very penetrating and will travel large distances even in dense media. 4 the properties and ranges of the various nuclear radiations are summarized. The ranges are only approximate since they depend on the energy of the radiation. 15 m X, ␥ radiation Fast neutron Thermal neutron 0 1 1 SUMMARY OF CHAPTER Radioactive decay: transformation of an unstable substance into a more stable form, usually accompanied by the emission of charged particles and ␥-rays. Alpha (␣) radiation: helium nuclei, 2p ϩ 2n, mass 4 u, charge ϩ2 units.
1 ϫ 105 years) are maintained in the lower atmosphere by cosmic ray reactions. They are much less important than 14C. 3 RADIATION FROM TERRESTRIAL SOURCES The rocks and soil of the Earth’s strata contain small quantities of the radioactive elements uranium and thorium with their daughter products. The concentration of these elements varies considerably depending on the type of rock formation. In sandstone and limestone regions the concentration is much lower than in granite. Thus the dose rate depends on the geographic location.
Even earlier, it had been recognized that there was a remarkably high incidence of lung cancer among the miners in the Schneeberg cobalt mines of Saxony and the Joachimsthal pitchblende mines in Bohemia. Eventually, this high rate of lung cancer was shown to be caused by radiation from the daughter products of uranium, namely 226Ra, radon-222 (222Rn), polonium-218 (218Po) and others. These mines contain large concentrations of uranium. During the second and third decades of the twentieth century there were many cases of over-exposure to radium.
An introduction to radiation protection by Alan D Martin; Samuel A Harbison