A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual by Randy Thornhill, Craig T. Palmer PDF

By Randy Thornhill, Craig T. Palmer

ISBN-10: 0262201259

ISBN-13: 9780262201254

During this sure-to-be-controversial ebook, Randy Thornhill and Craig Palmer use evolutionary biology to provide an explanation for the reasons of rape and to suggest new methods to its prevention. in response to Thornhill and Palmer, developed variation of a few style offers upward push to rape; the most evolutionary query is whether or not rape is an variation itself or a spinoff of different diversifications. whatever the solution, Thornhill and Palmer notice, rape circumvents a principal function of women's reproductive process: mate selection. it is a fundamental this is why rape is devastating to its sufferers, specifically younger women. Thornhill and Palmer tackle, and declare to demolish scientifically, many myths approximately rape bred via social technology concept over the last twenty-five years. the preferred rivalry that rapists usually are not stimulated through sexual wish is, they argue, scientifically faulty. even though they argue that rape is organic, Thornhill and Palmer don't view it as inevitable. Their techniques for rape prevention contain educating younger men to not rape, punishing rape extra seriously, and learning the effectiveness of "chemical castration." additionally they suggest that younger women ponder the organic motives of rape while making judgements approximately costume, visual appeal, and social actions. Rape may perhaps stop to exist, they argue, merely in a society acquainted with its evolutionary explanations. The publication encompasses a important precis of evolutionary idea and a comparability of evolutionary biology's and social science's factors of human habit. The authors argue for the higher explanatory strength and sensible usefulness of evolutionary biology. The e-book is certain to fire up dialogue either at the particular subject of rape and at the higher problems with how we comprehend and impression human habit.

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Additional info for A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion

Example text

First, it leads to the discovery of new biological phenomena whose proximate causes are unknown. For example, the evolutionary psychologists Leda Cosmides and John Tooby (1992) have found that the human brain contains a mechanism designed specifically to detect cheating in social exchanges. The discovery of such a "cheater-detection" mechanism was the result of an understanding of the evolutionary concept of reciprocal altruism originally developed by the biologist Robert Trivers (1971). Similarly, evolutionary theory has led to the discovery of specific patterns of nepotism.

Many bird species have relatively little sex difference in parental investment. In these species, both sexes choose mates, compete for mates (to a degree, at least), and participate in parental activity. However, even in species with relatively similar parental efforts by the two sexes, males tend to show less parental effort, and this leads to greater sexual competition among males and more choosiness by females. The reason males show less parental effort in monogamous, biparental species is that the male in such species still allocates more effort to mating effort than the female does; this has evolved because the minimum reproductive effort required for successful offspring production by a male is very small relative to that required by a female.

Indeed, the notion that the rest of the body could have been designed by selection without selection's simultaneously acting on the brain and the nervous system that control the body is absurd. To those who accept the notion of evolution, it is clear that the human brain must contain evolved structures that process environmental information in a manner that guides feelings and behavior toward ends that were adaptive in past human environments. Similarly, a moment's reflection on the evolution of the human opposable thumb— whose name implies both a structure and the movement (behavior) of that structure—should resolve any remaining controversy as to whether human physical behavior (muscle-induced motion) has evolved.

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A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion by Randy Thornhill, Craig T. Palmer


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