By Sidney Ochs
Sidney Ochs starts his survey with a chronological examine the heritage of nerves from the 5th century B.C. to the early eighteenth century to illustrate the improvement of our wisdom of the molecular mechanisms of neuronal functionality. Ochs then adopts a thematic technique, contemplating key issues from the eighteenth century to the current. the amount will function a useful source for historians of neuroscience and drugs, philosophers of technology and drugs, and neuroscientists.
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Additional resources for A History of Nerve Functions: From Animal Spirits to Molecular Mechanisms
29. 70 (Dewitt, 1967), p. 265. (Cicero, 1972). 72 (Ross, 1923) and (Aristotle, 1968). (Peters, 1967), pp. 166–176. 20:55 P1: FCH/FFX P2: FCH/FFX 052124742Xc01 QC: FCH/FFX CB616-Ochs-v2 T1: FCH December 29, 2003 INTRODUCTION 19 in general terms emotional states. Its location to the chest is shown by the agitation that can be felt there in emotional states. 74 The term used for the psyche, the “soul,” does not only mean the animating principle giving life to the body, but also it includes the mind, which is considered to be the highest development of life.
Cherniss, 1962). 20:55 P1: FCH/FFX P2: FCH/FFX 052124742Xc01 QC: FCH/FFX T1: FCH CB616-Ochs-v2 December 29, 2003 20 A HISTORY OF NERVE FUNCTIONS the highest faculty of reason, in the heart rather than the brain. The soul on his account is the prime agent for motion, and pneuma is its instrument (organ). Nous, the energizing and ordering (reasoning) principle and guide of development, consists of a ﬁner matter, somewhat like an “ether” permeating all things, most vividly so in animated beings. Psyche, the principle of motion and perception, is taken in with the breath, to exist in the body as an innate pneuma.
D. Earlier estimates of Galen’s life span were given as 130-200. More recent scholarly studies have opted for the later dates (Ballester-Garcia,2000) I p. 6. The dominating inﬂuence of Galen on medical science and practice over the centuries can be found in Temkin’s authoratative summarization (Temkin, 1973). Ambiguities and contradictions among his voluminous writings have been noted. , a debating tract (Wilson, 1959)]. Knowledge of the temporal ordering of his writings would also, if known, give an indication of changes in his views over the course of his long career that could account for some of the contradictions that have been noted.
A History of Nerve Functions: From Animal Spirits to Molecular Mechanisms by Sidney Ochs